당신이 묻고 답합니다: 우리는 부모님에게서 여드름을 얻습니까?

누군가가 당신의 m엄마나 아빠와 닮았다고 말한 적이 있습니까?  

학교에서 우리는 우리의 많은 부분이 유전이라는 것을 통해 부모님에 의해 형성된다는 것을 배웠습니다.

우리의 눈, 코, 심지어는 성격의 일부도 유전자에 의해 결정됩니다.

당신이 부모로부터 여드름을 물려받았는지, 어떻게 할 수 있는지 궁금하다면 계속 읽어보세요!

여드름과 유전학 사이의 연관성  

짧은 대답은 예입니다. 여드름에는 유전적 요소가 있습니다.

하지만 연결이 명확하지 않고 직선적이지 않습니다.

여드름이 형성되는 4가지 주요 과정이 있습니다.1

  • 막힌 모공을 유발하는 피부 세포의 탈락 증가 
  • 피지 생성 증가 
  • 프로피오니박테리움 아크네스 박테리아에 의한 모낭의 집락화 
  • 복잡한 염증 기전 

여드름을 유발하는 특정 유전자는 없지만 연구 결과에 따르면 유전자가 여드름 발병 가능성에 영향을 줄 수는없습니다. 이것은 우리의 유전자가 우리 몸에서 위의 과정을 제어할 수 있고 차례로 피부를 반점에 대한 이상적인 집으로 만들 수 있기 때문일 수 있습니다.

몇 가지 연구를 살펴보자

#1 2020년 체계적인 검토에서 가족력과 여드름 사이의 강한 연관성이 관찰되었습니다2. 이것은 당신의 부모님이 여드름을 가지고 있다면 당신에게도 여드름이 있을 가능성이 더 높다는 것을 의미합니다.

#2 26,722명의 DNA를 조사한 결과 과학자들은 15개 게놈 영역에서 심각한 여드름이 있는 사람들에게 더 흔한 유전적 변이를 발견했습니다. 많은 유전적 변이가 모낭 형성에 영향을 미친다는 사실이 발견되었으며, 이는 이것이 여드름 발병의 큰 위험 요소가 될 수 있음을 의미합니다3.

#3 가족력 연구에서 연구자들은 여드름이 있는 1촌 친척(부모, 자녀, 형제자매)이 있으면 4배까지 걸릴 위험이 있습니다. 이는 유전자가 성인 초기에 모낭이 여드름 저항성이 되지 못하는 것을 결정할 수 있기 때문입니다4.

#4 이란 청소년을 대상으로 한 연구에 따르면 중등도에서 중증 여드름의 유병률은 다음과 같이 여드름의 가족력이 있는 학생에서 19.9%였습니다. 가족력이 없는 사람은 9.8%에 불과했다. 여드름 중증도의 위험도 여드름 병력이 있는 가족 구성원의 수에 따라 증가했습니다5.

#5 여성을 대상으로 한 대규모 쌍둥이 연구에서 여드름의 가족력이 위험 증가와 유의하게 관련이 있음을 발견했습니다. 유전자는 여드름 유병률 차이의 81%를 설명했으며 19%만이 스트레스와 같은 공유되지 않은 환경 요인에 기인한다고 설명했습니다.6.  

#6 또 다른 연구에 따르면 여드름의 가족력은 여드름이 더 일찍 발생하고, 블랙헤드와 화이트헤드가 더 많고, 이소트레티노인 후에 더 자주 재발하는 것으로 나타났습니다. 7.

#7 마지막으로 유전자가 피지 생성에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구에 따르면 일란성 쌍둥이는 피지 배출 비율이 거의 동일한 반면 일란성 쌍둥이는 피지 분비 비율이 다릅니다. 그러나 일란성 쌍둥이와 일란성 쌍둥이 모두 여드름 중증도가 달랐습니다. 이것은 피지 생성이 유전적으로 조절되는 동안 우리의 환경도 여드름이 생기는지 여부에 역할이 있음을 시사합니다.8.

유전자는 바꿀 수 없습니다. 하지만 여기에서 제어할 수 있는 항목이 있습니다.

사랑하는 가족에게 손가락질을 시작하기 전에 '여드름 유전자'가 있다고 해서 반드시 걸리는 것은 아니라는 점을 잠시 강조하겠습니다! 유전자로 인해 여드름이 생길 가능성이 더 높아지지만 환경과 일상 습관도 중요합니다.

예를 들어, 여드름은 불규칙한 월경 주기, 단 음식, 유제품, 부적절한 화장품 사용, 수면 부족, 스트레스 등으로 인해 부정적인 영향을 받을 수 있습니다.9   

자신을 돌보면서 피부를 돌볼 수 있습니다. 다음은 유전자에 상관없이 여드름을 관리하는 데 도움이 되는 간단한 체크리스트입니다. 

  • 과일과 채소가 많이 포함된 균형 잡힌 식단을 섭취하십시오.
  • 밤에 7~9시간의 수면을 취하세요.
  • 요가, 명상 또는 좋아하는 이완 방법으로 스트레스를 관리하세요.
  • 당신의 피부 유형에 맞는 클렌저로 하루에 두 번 얼굴을 씻으십시오.
  • 손가락에서 휴대전화에 이르기까지 피부에 닿는 모든 것이 깨끗한지 확인하십시오.
  • 고품질의 논코메도제닉 제품을 선택하십시오. Clearly Basics와 같이 모공을 막지 않는 제품입니다!
[wcps 삽입, 제품 핸들:클리어아웃,

참고문헌  

  1. A.U. Tan et al., 2018: 성인 여성 환자의 여드름 진단 및 치료에 대한 검토 
  2. Anna Hwee Sing Heng et al., 2020: 상상성 여드름의 역학에 대한 체계적인 검토 
  3. Christos Petridis et al., 2018: 게놈 전반에 걸친 메타 분석은 모낭 발달과 형태 형성의 매개체가 심각한 여드름의 위험이 있음을 암시합니다. 
  4. Goulden et al., 2001: 성인 여드름의 가족 위험: 영향을 받은 개인과 영향을 받지 않은 개인의 1촌 친척 간의 비교 
  5. 에스. Zahra Ghodsi et al., 2009: 고등학생의 여드름 유병률, 심각도 및 심각도 위험 요인: 커뮤니티 기반 연구 
  6. V Bataille et al., 2002: 여드름 발병기전에서 유전 및 환경적 요인의 영향: 여성의 여드름에 대한 쌍둥이 연구 
  7. F Ballanger et al., 2006: 유전: 여드름의 예후 인자 
  8. S Walton et al., 1988: 피지 배설과 여드름의 유전적 조절 – 쌍둥이 연구 
  9. Jianting Yang et al., 2020: 여드름의 영향 요인에 대한 발전에 대한 검토: 환경 특성에 대한 강조  

면책 조항: 이 문서는 개인적인 의학적 조언으로 해석되어서는 안 됩니다. 의료에 관한 사항은 피부과 전문의와 상담하시기 바랍니다.

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A
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Comments: Does not appear to cause any problems if suffering from rosacea. Too early to say if it improves this condtion.
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Love this product 👏🏽

Works really well! Enjoy using this face wash, never stings or dries out my acne prone skin !

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Worked really well in quite a short amount of time! I now see long lasting results, my skin is healthy and my acne is finally under control! The first product I have tried which works and is actually affordable!

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This stuff changed my life!!!!
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Mandy R.

After a few weeks the results were already visible (right photo). Now the red spots are also less visible!!

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